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Projects featured here focus on broad global aspects of soil biodiversity with special interest in citizen science and outreach.

 

African Soil Microbiology Project

The African Soil Microbiology Project was launched in October 2016 at the University of Pretoria.  It brings together sceintists from seven sub-Saharan African countries to undertake a broad-scale survey of soil microbiology across the entire African continent, using the latest next-generation DNA sequencing and computational technologies.  The project is funded by USAID.  For more information, contact project director Prof. Don Cowan.

 

Africa Soil Health Consortium

 

International Soil Modeling Consortium

Establishing an international soil modelling consortium with the aims of:
1) bringing together leading experts in modelling soil processes within all major soil disciplines 
2) addressing major scientific gaps in describing key processes and their long term impacts with respect to the different functions and ecosystem services provided by soil,
3) intercomparing soil model performance based on standardized and harmonized data sets,
4)  identifying interactions with other relevant platforms related to common data formats, protocols and ontologies,  
5) developing new approaches to inverse modelling, calibration, and validation of soil models,
6) integrating soil modelling expertise and state of the art knowledge on soil processes in climate, land surface, ecological, crop and contaminant models,  and
7) linking process models with new observation, measurement and data evaluation technologies for mapping and characterizing soil properties across scales.

 

Central Park Soils Project 

 

On 23-25 July 2012, the GSBI, in collaboration with the Wall Lab of Colorado State University, the Fierer Lab of the University of Colorado, Boulder, the Bradford Lab of Yale and the American Museum of Natural History  explored the soil biodiversity of Central Park, New York, NY. The group collected over 600 soil samples to map the soil biodiversity of the park.  Ongoing processing of samples will be made public soon after completion.

 

 

 

EcoFINDERS

EcoFINDERS, financed by the European Union FP7, with 23 European partners and running from 2011 to 2014, is:

  • characterizing the biodiversity of European soils and the normal operating range (NOR) according to soil types, threats, climatic zones and land uses.
  • determining relationships between soil biodiversity, functioning and ecosystem services.
  • quantifying the economic values of soil ecosystem services.
  • evaluating the impacts of human activities on soil biodiversity, functioning and services.
  • designing policy-relevant and cost-effective indicators for monitoring soil biodiversity, functioning and ecosystem services.
  • providing environmental managers and administrators with validated soil biodiversity indicators and tools for ecosystem service assessments.

Contact: Scientific Coordinator Dr. Phillippe Lemanceau (philippe.lemanceau@dijon.inra.fr)

 

Tea Bag Index

Developed by a team of researchers from the University of Utrecht, The Netherlands Institute of Ecology and the University of Iceland, the Tea Bag Index (TBI) project examines decomposition rates around the world.  The project is low cost and utilizes citizen science to expand its implementation.  Learn more, including how to participate, here:  http://www.teatime4science.org/

 

 

GLUSEEN

The University of Helsinki has recently initated a study as part of GLUSEEN, or the Global Urban Soil Ecological Education Network.  The study will look into the effects that urban environmental changes have on decomposition and soil community structure.

Biotic and Abiotic Drivers of Decomposition Rates in Urban Soils: a Proof of Concept for a Global Experimental Network

Left: Teabag deployment in Baltimore.  Right: Preparing teabags for decomposition study.

 

Census of Soil Invertebrates

At the fifth International Oligochaeta Taxonomy Meeting (IOTM) in 2011, Robert J. Blakemore presented a call for the Census of Soil Invertebrates (COSI).  The consensus will provide a central registry for soil fauna. Preliminary attempts to provide a soil fauna matrix were presented in 2007 and a compellation resource on earthworms is freely available online.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Life under your feet

Life Under Your Feet provides soil ecology information, eduation materials and live reseach data. They are currently collecting data from a network of wireless sensors measuring the environmental conditions in the soil.

 

Map of Life

Currently in beta mode avaiable from Diversitas, Map of Life allows users to examine global biodiversity across all scales in all ecoystems.  

 

Grupo Faro

Grupo Faro has started a new initiative to study the soil biodiversity of the Wamani Amazon Rainforest in Ecuador.  The group will teach the Wamani people how to sample soil invertebrates and monitor the population variations.  This collaboration will occur over the span of a year and hopefully lead to a greater understanding of the region's soil biota.

 

Left: The people of Wmani measuring pH and moisture in the soil.  Right: Parabiologists attending a training session with Grupo Faro biologist, Gabriela Erazo.